Fields

Based on: http://odoo-new-api-guide-line.readthedocs.io/en/latest/fields.html

Now fields are class property:

from openerp import models, fields


class AModel(models.Model):

    _name = 'a_name'

    name = fields.Char(
        string="Name",                   # Optional label of the field
        compute="_compute_name_custom",  # Transform the fields in computed fields
        store=True,                      # If computed it will store the result
        select=True,                     # Force index on field
        readonly=True,                   # Field will be readonly in views
        inverse="_write_name"            # On update trigger
        required=True,                   # Mandatory field
        translate=True,                  # Translation enable
        help='blabla',                   # Help tooltip text
        company_dependent=True,          # Transform columns to ir.property
        search='_search_function'        # Custom search function mainly used with compute
    )

   # The string key is not mandatory
   # by default it wil use the property name Capitalized

   name = fields.Char()  #  Valid definition

Field inheritance

One of the new features of the API is to be able to change only one attribute of the field:

name = fields.Char(string='New Value')

Field types

Boolean

Boolean type field:

abool = fields.Boolean()

Char

Store string with variable len.:

achar = fields.Char()

Specific options:

  • size: data will be trimmed to specified size
  • translate: field can be translated

Text

Used to store long text.:

atext = fields.Text()

Specific options:

  • translate: field can be translated

HTML

Used to store HTML, provides an HTML widget.:

anhtml = fields.Html()

Specific options:

  • translate: field can be translated

Integer

Store integer value. No NULL value support. If value is not set it returns 0:

anint = fields.Integer()

Float

Store float value. No NULL value support. If value is not set it returns 0.0 If digits option is set it will use numeric type:

afloat = fields.Float()
afloat = fields.Float(digits=(32, 32))
afloat = fields.Float(digits=lambda cr: (32, 32))

Specific options:

  • digits: force use of numeric type on database. Parameter can be a tuple (int len, float len) or a callable that return a tuple and take a cursor as parameter

Date

Store date. The field provides some helpers:

  • context_today returns current day date string based on tz
  • today returns current system date string
  • from_string returns datetime.date() from string
  • to_string returns date string from datetime.date

:

>>> from openerp import fields

>>> adate = fields.Date()
>>> fields.Date.today()
'2014-06-15'
>>> fields.Date.context_today(self)
'2014-06-15'
>>> fields.Date.context_today(self, timestamp=datetime.datetime.now())
'2014-06-15'
>>> fields.Date.from_string(fields.Date.today())
datetime.datetime(2014, 6, 15, 19, 32, 17)
>>> fields.Date.to_string(datetime.datetime.today())
'2014-06-15'

DateTime

Store datetime. The field provide some helper:

  • context_timestamp returns current day date string based on tz
  • now returns current system date string
  • from_string returns datetime.date() from string
  • to_string returns date string from datetime.date

:

>>> fields.Datetime.context_timestamp(self, timestamp=datetime.datetime.now())
datetime.datetime(2014, 6, 15, 21, 26, 1, 248354, tzinfo=<DstTzInfo 'Europe/Brussels' CEST+2:00:00 DST>)
>>> fields.Datetime.now()
'2014-06-15 19:26:13'
>>> fields.Datetime.from_string(fields.Datetime.now())
datetime.datetime(2014, 6, 15, 19, 32, 17)
>>> fields.Datetime.to_string(datetime.datetime.now())
'2014-06-15 19:26:13'

Binary

Store file encoded in base64 in bytea column:

abin = fields.Binary()

Selection

Store text in database but propose a selection widget. It induces no selection constraint in database. Selection must be set as a list of tuples or a callable that returns a list of tuples:

aselection = fields.Selection([('a', 'A')])
aselection = fields.Selection(selection=[('a', 'A')])
aselection = fields.Selection(selection='a_function_name')

Specific options:

  • selection: a list of tuple or a callable name that take recordset as input
  • size: the option size=1 is mandatory when using indexes that are integers, not strings

When extending a model, if you want to add possible values to a selection field, you may use the selection_add keyword argument:

class SomeModel(models.Model):
    _inherits = 'some.model'
    type = fields.Selection(selection_add=[('b', 'B'), ('c', 'C')])

Reference

Store an arbitrary reference to a model and a row:

aref = fields.Reference([('model_name', 'String')])
aref = fields.Reference(selection=[('model_name', 'String')])
aref = fields.Reference(selection='a_function_name')

Specific options:

  • selection: a list of tuple or a callable name that take recordset as input

Many2one

Store a relation against a co-model:

arel_id = fields.Many2one('res.users')
arel_id = fields.Many2one(comodel_name='res.users')
an_other_rel_id = fields.Many2one(comodel_name='res.partner', delegate=True)

Specific options:

  • comodel_name: name of the opposite model
  • delegate: set it to True to make fields of the target model accessible from the current model (corresponds to _inherits)

One2many

Store a relation against many rows of co-model:

arel_ids = fields.One2many('res.users', 'rel_id')
arel_ids = fields.One2many(comodel_name='res.users', inverse_name='rel_id')

Specific options:

  • comodel_name: name of the opposite model
  • inverse_name: relational column of the opposite model

Many2many

Store a relation against many2many rows of co-model:

arel_ids = fields.Many2many('res.users')
arel_ids = fields.Many2many(comodel_name='res.users',
                            relation='table_name',
                            column1='col_name',
                            column2='other_col_name')

Specific options:

  • comodel_name: name of the opposite model
  • relation: relational table name
  • columns1: relational table left column name (reference to record in current table)
  • columns2: relational table right column name (reference to record in comodel_name table)

In order to make two mutual many2many fields in different models use in them the same relation table and inverse columns:

_name = 'model1'
model2_ids = fields.Many2many(
    'model2', 'model2_ids_model1_ids_rel', 'model2_id', 'model1_id',

_name = 'model2'
model1_ids = fields.Many2many(
    'model1', 'model2_ids_model1_ids_rel', 'model1_id', 'model2_id',

Name Conflicts

Note

fields and method name can conflict.

When you call a record as a dict it will force to look on the columns.

Fields Defaults

Default is now a keyword of a field:

You can attribute it a value or a function

name = fields.Char(default='A name')
# or
name = fields.Char(default=a_fun)

#...
def a_fun(self):
   return self.do_something()

Using a fun will force you to define function before fields definition.

Note. Default value cannot depend on values of other fields of a record, i.e. you cannot read other fields via self in the function.

Computed Fields

There is no more direct creation of fields.function.

Instead you add a compute kwarg. The value is the name of the function as a string or a function. This allows to have fields definition atop of class:

class AModel(models.Model):
    _name = 'a_name'

    computed_total = fields.Float(compute='compute_total')

    def compute_total(self):
        ...
        self.computed_total = x

The function can be void. It should modify record property in order to be written to the cache:

self.name = new_value

Be aware that this assignation will trigger a write into the database. If you need to do bulk change or must be careful about performance, you should do classic call to write

To provide a search function on a non stored computed field you have to add a search kwarg on the field. The value is the name of the function as a string or a reference to a previously defined method. The function takes the second and third member of a domain tuple and returns a domain itself

def search_total(self, operator, operand):
    ...
    return domain  # e.g. [('id', 'in', ids)]

Inverse

The inverse key allows to trigger call of the decorated function when the field is written/”created”

Multi Fields

To have one function that compute multiple values:

@api.multi
@api.depends('field.relation', 'an_otherfield.relation')
def _amount(self):
    for x in self:
        x.total = an_algo
        x.untaxed = an_algo

Property Field

There is some use cases where value of the field must change depending of the current company.

To activate such behavior you can now use the company_dependent option.

A notable evolution in new API is that “property fields” are now searchable.

WIP copyable option

There is a dev running that will prevent to redefine copy by simply setting a copy option on fields:

copy=False  # !! WIP to prevent redefine copy